People In the Sky-
History of People in the Sky
--> Connect to this link to hear the latest happenings and the future of people in space!
-->With adult permission (there are ads and comments) try your skills with these free online simulation games:
Air traffic control-
Hot air balloon-
WHY PLANES FLY
The Four Forces
An aircraft in straight and level flight is acted upon by four forces: lift, gravity, thrust and drag. The opposing forces balance each other: Lift equals gravity, and thrust equals drag.
Thrust: The force that moves an airplane forward through the air. Thrust is created by a propeller or a jet engine.
Drag: The air resistance that tends to slow the forward movement of an airplane.
Gravity: The force that pulls all objects towards the earth.
Lift: The upward force that is created by the movement of air above and below a wing. Air flows faster above the wing and slower below the wing, creating a difference in pressure that tends to keep an airplane flying.
Check out this slide show-Slides 9-14 for descriptions of each instrument and for more detailed information about flying in general.
Aviation Terms to Know
Pilots will create their flight plan to travel from VOR to VOR using a VOR flight map when GPS is not used explicitly.
This website can be linked to learn more about the symbols on a VOR flight map: https://cessnachick.com/525-2/
"On the vector" = When an aircraft is being instructed by an air traffic controller which vector/heading/direction the plane should take in air traffic according to FAA procedures.
More resources: https://skyvector.com/
--> How would you spell your name using the phonetic alphabet used in aviation above?
Explore the video virtual field trip to an private airport and an interview with their air traffic controller. -->
The actual field trip here took about 3 hours and the video was edited to about 40 minutes. Look for the following highlights:
1- 5 minutes : flight instrument panel
6-8 minutes: fueling of a helicopter
8.5-10.5 minutes: discussion about VFR vs. IFR
17 minutes: tower control instruments
19 minutes: coyote on the runway as a plane takes off
22 minutes: characteristics of a tower control person
29 minutes: How radar works
32 minutes: weather and flying
This website link will take you to http://www.liveatc.net/ where you can input an airport code (upper left corner) & listen to air traffic control LIVE!
* If you don't know the airport code to put in go to the site and input a city name: http://www.webflyer.com/travel/milemarker/lookup.shtml
Here are some pre-recorded samples of air traffic control conversations:
If you want to take your learning to the next level, try these ideas:
1. Visit a craft/hobby store and build a model airplane from a kit.
2. Build/launch a rocket of your own! (With permission & either from a kit or research how to make one at home.)
3. Visit a local RC (remote control) flying club or aviation field to learn more about this hobby.
4.Research the uses and problems involved in using drones.
5. With a friend, role play an air traffic controller and a pilot. The pilot should create a flight plan using a VOR map. The pilot uses a the degrees of a circle and the instructions from the air traffic controller to properly navigate over VOR stations and eventually land at the proper angle for the landing strip at the airport. Practice using actual sample dialogue with the phonetic alphabet etc.
6. Experiment with the best paper airplane design for distance, speed, lift, and loops! http://paperplanedepot.com/pilots/tips/